Production yarn produced by the hemp-jute industry
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Bast Fibres: Size of Production
There are more than 2, different plant fibres in the world. Although most of them have no economic importance, they are still used in order to meet regional demands and needs. Plant fibres can be classified according to the part of the plant they come from, such as; 1- seed fibres cotton , 2- stem fibres linen, hemp, jute , 3- leaf fibres sisal , 4- fruit fibres coconut, zucchini fibre. Cotton: Today, cotton fibers are used in many industries for yarn and weaving and knitting fabrics, as a material used for filling pillows, quilts and mattresses, as stuffing material in interior furnishings, in producing artificial silk, smokeless gunpowder, varnish, artificial leather and cellulose.
Its seeds are used in many other industries, such as for making vegetable oil, soap, oil paints and oilcloth, and the pulp is also used as fodder for animals and fertilizer. Cotton fibres, which are either harvested by hand or machine cling to the seeds. Cotton production makes an important contribution to the Turkish economy.
It is used for yarn, cloth and the ready-made clothing industry, and is exported abroad. The natural color of cotton is not pure white, so it is made white by bleaching powder, or jawel water. Some characteristics of cotton make it preferable for use in textiles: it maintains its color easily; it is easy to place designs on and is not damaged when boiled.
It is ideal for underwear, and is also used for decorative and ornamental fabrics, quilts, tablecloths and towels. Stem fibres, which are also known as bast fibres, are obtained from the stems and sometimes from the shells of the plant when it is fully matured. The separation method is generally employed. Fibres in this group are linen, hemp and jute. This is an annual herbaceous plant that appears as oil and fiber linens.
The leaves grow on the stem. Harvested linens are winnowed in groups. The fibres are separated from the winnowed plant by mechanical techniques. Linen fibres are the strongest of all stem fibres. Natural linen fibers are yellowish grey and brown. They are soft and may be bleached white.
They partially transfer heat and retain less air than cotton, which means they do not retain body heat well. Its colour is the same as that of cotton, although processing needs to be varied out more carefully and quickly than with cotton. Sulphurous dyes are preferred in linen coloring.
Linen fibres are used to make many products, such as bed sheets, tablecloths, underwear and clothing, tents and bags. Like cotton, linen is an industrial plant. The main product from hemp is fibre but, since it is very troublesome to obtain, hemp production has fallen in the world as a whole.
Hemp is produced in various regions of Turkey, and there are differences depending on the purpose of that production seed or fibre. Hemp is an annual herbaceous plant with nodes on the stem. The greater the distance between those nodes, the greater the quality of the fibre. Hemp is also harvested either by hand or by machine. It is left on the ground to wither, and after all the hemp has dried out, the fibres are grouped and left for a while longer.
Then, the fibers are separated from the stems using a pool technique. Like other stem fibres, hemp fibres are also inflexible. Its chemical structure is similar to that of linen. Its fibres are used to make sails, tents, rugs and hoses for fire taps. Leaf fibers are obtained from the leaves of various monocolithedon plants.
Many of these fibres are very dense, lying just under the surface of the leaf. The fibre roots are joined to the sticky, waxy materials within the leaf tissue. Fibres in the leaf are responsible for giving it its strength. Leaf fibers are hard and rough.
The most important leaf fibres in industry are agav, manila and maile. In Turkey, such fibres are woven using corn cobs. Today, matting is made by using rush or corn cobs Black Sea region. Rushes and corn cobs are placed on a rectangular counter. The woof is run up and down in the warp of the same material. Previously used as ground or wall coverings, matting today is principally used for decoration. A basket is a handled pot used to carry different objects and made of rushes, thin tree stems or plastic materials.
Rough, thin baskets are produced from different raw materials such as willow, chestnut, nuts, straw, strawberry cane, raffia or bamboo. Basketwork still continues in the provinces of Konya, Kastamonu, Kocaeli, Trabzon, Rize, Edirne and Kirklareli in Anatolia, and various regional trees and plants are emplyed in the process.
Further quantities of the same material are then added and knitted. Amulets to Ward off the Evil Eye: Amulets are universally employed in Anatolia to ward off the evil eye, and are to be found in various different shapes. It is popularly believed that such amulets protect their owner from sicknesses, spells and other undesirable events.
Amulets can be produced from black cumin, garlic, barley, oleaster plants or from materials such as ram horn, turtle shell, snake bone and sea-shells. Blue bead, eyestone, coral, mirror, agate and alum are also used. In daily life, they are also used as a decorative element in various furnishings.
It is the cheapest vegetable fibre procured from the bast or skin of the plant's stem and the second most important vegetable fibre after cotton, in terms of usage, global consumption, production, and availability. It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breath ability of fabrics. It is one of the most versatile natural fibres that has been used in raw materials for packaging, textiles, non-textile, construction, and agricultural sectors. It helps to make best quality industrial yarn, fabric, net, and sacks.
Refine your search. Wool and mixed wool, combed and carded wool spun yarn. Find out about this company. Company was established on the basis of Quality jute is the major suppliers of jute bags and Jute goods worldwide.
Account Options Sign in. Flax, hemp, jute, and manufactures of. United States Tariff Commission. Selected pages Title Page. Contents Section 1. Section 2. Section 3. Section 4. Section 5. Section 6.
Move over cotton, hello hemp
Refine your search. Wool and mixed wool, combed and carded wool spun yarn. Find out about this company. With 17 years of experience, we supply the textile and metal processing industry across Europe.
Natural fibre , any hairlike raw material directly obtainable from an animal, vegetable, or mineral source and convertible into nonwoven fabrics such as felt or paper or, after spinning into yarns, into woven cloth. A natural fibre may be further defined as an agglomeration of cells in which the diameter is negligible in comparison with the length. Although nature abounds in fibrous materials, especially cellulosic types such as cotton , wood , grains, and straw , only a small number can be used for textile products or other industrial purposes.
jute spun yarns and threads - Import export
Cotton has high maintenance costs, requires pesticides to thrive, dominates agricultural systems that include it, and leaves soil depleted of nutrients, so why is such a damaging crop seen to be the only natural fibre in the textile market? Over the past century there has been so much research around the cotton plant that it still remains the first choice in fibre production. However, with the risk of demand outweighing supply, the cracks are beginning to show. No other natural fibre has ever been seen as an alternative to the 'white gold' that is cotton.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Hemp fibre processing
There are more than 2, different plant fibres in the world. Although most of them have no economic importance, they are still used in order to meet regional demands and needs. Plant fibres can be classified according to the part of the plant they come from, such as; 1- seed fibres cotton , 2- stem fibres linen, hemp, jute , 3- leaf fibres sisal , 4- fruit fibres coconut, zucchini fibre. Cotton: Today, cotton fibers are used in many industries for yarn and weaving and knitting fabrics, as a material used for filling pillows, quilts and mattresses, as stuffing material in interior furnishings, in producing artificial silk, smokeless gunpowder, varnish, artificial leather and cellulose. Its seeds are used in many other industries, such as for making vegetable oil, soap, oil paints and oilcloth, and the pulp is also used as fodder for animals and fertilizer.
Account Options Sign in. United States Tariff Commission. Selected pages Page Page Common terms and phrases Agricultural American amount Atlantic average branches Canada carpets cent chemical Colonial tariff Committee commodities compared competition contains cost Cotton cloths covered crude customs December demand domestic duties dyes effect equal established export fabrics fact fiber foreign Germany glass graph of bill hosiery import rates imports increased industry investigated and reported iron or steel Italy Japan Japanese jute knit lead leather less limited List of principal machinery machines manufacture material Means metal methods natural obtained output plates ports pounds practically prepared present principal subjects investigated problems production prog provisions published rail rates raw material result revision rugs Sched Schedule shows silk skins sources Status steel subjects supply survey tables Tariff act Tariff Commission tariff policies tion trade United various vegetable Washington wood wool yarn. Bibliographic information. Government Printing Office , 0 Reviews.
Census of Manufactures, Statistics by industry. United States. Bureau of the Census.
jute spun yarns and threads - Import export
More and more industrial nations are becoming aware that we have arrived at a turning point and that the exploitation of fossil fuels will come to an end. The peak of oil production worldwide has already been crossed and it is obvious that we need to find alternatives. It is our target to offer a wide choice of tapes and webbings made from renewable raw materials and to show their substitute functions.
hemp spun yarns and threads - Import export
Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus , which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae , and more recently with Malvaceae. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius , but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers , and second only to cotton in the amount produced and variety of uses.
Мы с мисс Флетчер пробудем здесь весь день.
Упираясь ногами в толстый ковер, Сьюзан начала изо всех сил толкать стол в направлении стеклянной двери. Ролики хорошо крутились, и стол набирал скорость. Уже на середине комнаты она основательно разогналась.
За полтора метра до стеклянной двери Сьюзан отпрянула в сторону и зажмурилась.
Когда Стратмор загрузил взятый из Интернета алгоритм закодированной Цифровой крепости и попытался прогнать его через ТРАНСТЕКСТ, цепная мутация наткнулась на фильтры системы Сквозь строй. Горя желанием выяснить, поддается ли Цифровая крепость взлому, Стратмор принял решения обойти фильтры. В обычных условиях такое действие считалось бы недопустимым. Но в сложившейся ситуации никакой опасности в загрузке в ТРАНСТЕКСТ этой программы не было, потому что коммандер точно знал, что это за файл и откуда он появился.
- Несмотря на все мое уважение к вам, сэр, - продолжал настаивать Чатрукьян, - мне никогда еще не доводилось слышать о диагностике, в которой использовалась бы мутация… - Коммандер, - перебила его Сьюзан, которая не могла больше ждать. - Мне действительно нужно… На этот раз ее слова прервал резкий звонок мобильного телефона Стратмора.
Коммандер поднес его к уху.
Стратмор отрицает, что ТРАНСТЕКСТ бьется над каким-то файлом восемнадцать часов. - Он был крайне со мной любезен, - просияв, сказал Бринкерхофф, довольный тем, что ему удалось остаться в живых после телефонного разговора.
- Он заверил меня, что ТРАНСТЕКСТ в полной исправности.